1. What is Amino Acid?
Amino Acids are important organic organic compounds that contain the (-NH2) and carboxylic acid (-COOH) groups, along with a side-chain (group). R in each amino acid. The main elements of amino acids are carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, and some of the other elements are present in the substituents of each amino acid.
The general structure of an amino acid molecule, with the amino group on the left and the carboxylic acid group on the right. Group R depends on specific amino acids.
There are about 500 amino acids that are known and classified in different ways. They can be classified according to the position of the functional group in the principal structures such as alpha- (α-), beta- (β-), gamma- (γ-) or delta- (δ-) amino acids; Other classifications involve levels of polarization, pH, and substitution types (cyclic compounds, acyclic compounds, aromatics, hydroxyl or sulfur, etc.).
In protein molecules, amino acids make up the second largest number (water is the most) in muscle, tissue and tissue. Outside of proteins, amino amino acids play an important role in processes such as the transport of neurotransmitters and biosynthesis. (Wikipedia.org)
2. The important effect of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) on plants
2.1. Promote metabolic biosynthesis:
Amino Acids are proteins and enzymes. They are essential elements of all living organisms and play an important role in cell metabolism.
Plants are capable of synthesizing Amino Acid (amino acid) from nitrogen fixation, but this process is greatly affected by the environmental and health factors of the plant.
Organic protein from glutamate and glutamine is commonly used to synthesize Amino Acids. Amino Acids (monoamines) combine to form peptide bonds due to condensation reactions.
Proteins are polypeptide chains composed of more than 100 amino acids and their molecular weights are usually greater than 10.000 Dalton. The synthesis of amino acids and peptides and the formation of proteins and enzymes in plants is shown in the following diagram:
NO3- Amino Acid (Protein Amin) Proteins, Enzymes Photo-
NH4+ -> Peptides -> – synthesis
Direct application of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) and Peptide for plants will help reduce the synthesis of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) from the suction protein and help the plant grow strongly, producing high productivity and good quality. .
The effect and benefit of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) & Peptids is to overcome physiological crisis of plants or adverse environmental effects (drought, high temperature, too much sunshine, growth …) has been demonstrated through many research results.
From these research results, Amino Acids (Amino Acids) & Peptides have become popular products such as bio fertilizers in many advanced countries around the world. As part of the protein and biosynthesis processes in plants, Amino Acids and Peptides perform many other roles and provide many benefits to plants.
2.2. Effect of Amino Acids (Amino Acids) & Peptides on Plants
– For the health of the plant
Amino Acids (Amino Acids) & Peptides are known to significantly reduce the damage of pests and diseases on plants. Surrounds the vessels formed of some Amino Acids (Amino Acids) that contain sulfur. This is a contributing factor to increased pest resistance in plants.
Many reports indicate the effect of Amino Acids and Peptides on potato root germ disease caused by nematodes (Kovacs).
Providing Amino Acid (Amino Acid) & Peptide for plants has the effect of reducing the effects of larvae and ovum eggs compared to control.
Amino Acid (Amino Acid) & Peptide supply also noted a significant reduction in plum pox virus after spraying Amino Acid (Amino Acid) & Peptide several times.
Amino acids (Acids) & Peptides also reduce fruit fall in fruit-bearing fruit trees as a result of their effects as plant nutrients.
Amino provides the protein that is easily absorbed, fast, right at the amino acid ratio as well as the time when the crop is most needed, before or after harvest.
Amino helps plants to recover quickly and speed up the growth of the crop
Science has shown that the crops in general as well as the coffee and pepper trees in particular have more protein requirements as well as Amino Acids (Amino Acids) than short-day plants can promote. The process of creating quality and productivity, restoring and developing for fast trees.
Cysteine ??helps detoxify plants with certain chemicals, limiting the harms of inorganic and pesticides, helping to create chlorophyll.
– For flowering and fruit bearing
The results in Italy on olive trees show that Amino Acid (Amino Acid) & Peptide improve pollinability and extend pollen life.
Formulations using a combination of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) and Peptide with Bo have increased the efficiency of pollination. Pollination is an important basis for the process of fruit setting, so providing amino acids and peptides to plants helps increase the rate of fruit set, especially for self-pollinating plants such as coffee, pepper. …
– Increase the biological effectiveness of nutrients and trace elements
Each liter of Amino contains the natural digestive enzymes of the protein isolate that accelerate the growth process, improve the absorption capacity of amino acids, help the plant completely absorb nutrients from the leaves and soil.
Amino Acids (Amino Acids) & Peptides are capable of binding to metals such as manganese, iron and zinc as well as calcium and magnesium. These micronutrients are naturally present in sprayed water or added to the fertilizer.
Complex forms Amino Acid – Metals are absorbed by plants quickly and efficiently. It also increases the efficiency of transporting through a long “path” from roots, leaves to other parts of the plant.
– Increase the effectiveness of pesticides
The combination of Amino Acid (Peptide Acid) and Peptide with plant protection products will increase the effectiveness of the product compared to using it separately.
According to Leandri et al. (1986), Amino Acid (Amino Acid) & Peptide increased the effectiveness of the Botrytis (rotten fruit) botanical Viclozonlin (Ronilan) on vine and wilt.
How does Amino Acid (Sodium Amin) s & Peptides increase the effectiveness of pesticides?
The special adhesion of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) s & Peptides helps to keep the leaf surface better, even in the rain. Finishing of the infiltration and pH balance of the injectors are complementary to increasing the effectiveness of the drug compared to the absence of Amino Acid (S) Amino Acid & Peptides.
3. Types of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) and effect of each type on plants:
– Effect of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) & Peptides Dependent on Manufacturing Technology:
The effect of Amino Acid (Peptide Acid) & Peptides depends on the control of the hydrolysis process to separate the protein molecules. Protein hydrolysis will produce Amino Acids and Peptides following the scheme:
H3NCH-R-CONHCR-R + H2O = H3NCH-R-COO- + H3NCHR-COO
Polypeptides Hydrolysis Amino Acids (Amino Acids)
Hydrolysis will form part of the free Amino Acid and, in part, as low molecular Amino Acids known as Peptides.
In plants that contain up to 200 different Amino Acids (Amino Acids), only about 20 of them are capable of being used for protein synthesis in plants. (protein-genic Amino Acid (Amino Acid)).
Collagen protein is found in fog, teeth, nails, skin and feathers of mammals. We already know that collagen protein is the main component of Glycin (about 30%), Proline and Hydroxyproline (about 30%). These amino acids are very important for plants.
It is the composition and origin of the amino acids in the form of free and peptide in the fertilizer preparations that will determine its effect on the crop. Amino Acid (Amino Acid) Free and Amino Acid Total Amino Acid in Protifert
The lack of one of the amino acids (amino acids) also limits protein synthesis (plant protein) in plants.
– The physiological function of some amino acids (amino acids) in the metabolism
|Amino Acid (Amino Acid)||Biochemical activity|
|Glycine||The precursor of cholorophyll
Glycine helps to synthesize other amino acids. This substance can help balance growth in plants.
|Proline & Hydroxyproline||Proline is useful for circulatory and connective tissue, creating more energy for the body and creating new cells.
Adjust the water balance
Essential for creating pollen (good for fruit)
|Glutamic & Glutamine||Organic nitrogen reserves to form other amino acids and proteins through the exchange reaction
Glutamic acid is also an energy source, which is important for plant growth and amino acid metabolism.
Glutamine improves development and concentration. This is an important source of energy for organs such as circuitry, stem and cell.
|Serine||Adjust the water balance, which is important for cholorophyll synthesis
Serine helps to regenerate the energy of the cell, helps the development of synchronized and improves the metabolism quickly and efficiently, increasing immunity. Taurine helps reduce the amount of residual chemical in the plant.
|Arginine||As the precursor of polyamine, it is important to divide the cell
Arginine helps growth hormone, improves the immune system, creates new and healthy cells, and is a precursor of creatine.
|Phenylalanine||A precursor to lignin, making wood shoots stronger|
|Alanine||Role is very important in generating metabolic and anti-viral hormones
Alanine is the main amino acid that is useful for connective tissue and helps to improve the immune system, for plants and other tissues to harness energy from amino acids.
|Tryptophan||Indices of indol-acetic acid, natural growth stimulants|
|Aspartic||Aspartic acid helps convert (starch) into energy for plants. It also helps to increase resistance and limit the amount of toxins in the plant every year.|
|Cystine||Cystine improves the strength of connective tissue, improves inflammation, helps build resistance, and helps to improve self-repair and regeneration of old and underdeveloped crops.
Cysteine helps detoxify plants with certain chemicals, limiting the harms of inorganic and pesticides, helping to create chlorophyll.
|Ornithine||Ornithine helps create growth hormones, supports reproductive processes, boosts immunity, and helps plants increase resistance to pests and diseases.|
|Tyrosine||Tyrosine promotes strong growth in the plant and prolongs life for pollen, helps generate growth hormone, and is a precursor of dopamine and epinephrine.|
|Leucine||Leucine is used for energy, and even reduces the likelihood of imbalance in the plant. It also helps the plant to rejuvenate the garden and heal the damaged skin of plants.|
|Valine||Valine is easily absorbed in the plant and is absorbed directly into the cell’s plant parts.|
|Histadine||Histadines are used in the treatment of viral plants and nutritional crises, fungal diseases, inorganic poisoning, and other infections. This substance is important in regenerating new tissues and cells for plants.|
|Lysine||Lysine is beneficial for stems and connective tissue. This substance is used in the treatment of plant rhinitis, and kill many other viruses. Lysine also helps to develop branches and stems by increasing the amount of collagen. When used in combination with vitamin C, Lycine will help plants use oxygen more effectively and lessen the condition of diseased or underdeveloped plants.|
Both Glycin and Proline are neutral and non-polar amino acids. Molecular weight is small and baby size. Protifert fertilizers consist of only go peptide or polypeptide forms, they are short chain and amino acids are free. These are crucial points to the effect of Amino Acid (Amino Acid) on plants. Because if the molecular weight of Amino Acid is greater than 5.000 Dalton it is difficult to transport in the plant. Larger Amino Acids will not have a biological role in the plant.